Sunday, November 18, 2012

Best Urban Green Experiences in Dallas

Glass Serpents appear to drift toward waterfall

The Dallas Botanical Garden is inherently well placed - an elevated position with views of downtown over White Rock Lake.  Many visitors come during the seasons of azaleas, tulips, and mums.  But nothing has compared to the crowds that have descended for the recent Chihuly exhibit.
Glass icebergs haunt the Garden's stream

Dale Chihuly’s glass work has transformed an art form and most recently moved glass pieces out of museums and churches into garden settings.  Chihuly discovered his medium in college and even received a Fullbright scholarship in 1968 to work in Venice,  the motherlode of glass production.  Here, he learned that glass blowing is a team sport which has been essential to the creation of his large pieces.  Two separate accidents caused one eye to be blind and his shoulder dislocated, forcing him to use others in the production of his works.   Chilhuly has described the change in his position as  "more choreographer than dancer, more supervisor than participant, more director than actor."
Largest Piece in Exhibit

Chilhuly has also proved to be an astute businessman.  His shows tour the world and the Dallas exhibit came from the Royal Botanical Gardens in London.   It took 3 semi-trucks to carry all the pieces and 3 ½ days and ten men to set it up.  The largest piece was 32 feet tall and required a sky hook and crane to place all parts.

Chihuly Iridescent globes peek out like Easter Eggs
The results were stunning.  By adding rare earth metals such as uranium to the glass, colors shone through, especially from sunlight in the garden.  Ice blue rocks placed in a stream appear to be mini icebergs between green shores.  Rounded multi-colored balls peeked out of shrubs like large Easter eggs.  And a boat full of bright red, green, and orange serpent figures seemed to be drifting toward the edge of a waterfall.  Truly magical.

The languages in the crowd appeared to come directly from the dismissal of a UN General Assembly.  Indian grandmothers, Asian couples, and Hispanic children were enjoying the outing in the beautiful, art-filled setting.  Chihuly may have single handedly  changed the requirements of a botanical garden to permanently include some of his works.  I know the crowd would approve.

Dallas Museum of Art Promotes Exhibits
Promenade at Klyde Warren Park

The second urban setting we explored was the newly opened Klyde Warren Park that sits atop a heavily used Woodall Rodgers Freeway tunnel.  City parks are often an oasis from the strong sounds of humans and machinery living so intimately together.  I was surprised this new, small  park could pull that off since it is surrounded, above and below, with urban energy.  With the freeway muted by the tunnel, distinct sounds could be heard in the cool breeze - chimes from the nearby cathedral, truck warning beeps as it backed up, cameras clicking, mothers scolding their children, street car clanging by, hip hop music from a passing car, Southwest airplane overhead, a cane tapping on the bricks, dogs panting, grackles cackling, a couple playing ping pong, and the underground irrigation system watering the many trees.

Dog Park at Kyde Warren Park

Thanks to the Dallas Morning News, a free outdoor  reading and games room offered magazines, newspapers, and  books for children and adults, as well as chess and checker sets.  Only a drivers license was needed to check-out  the offerings.  As one visitor said, “Right on.”   Further down the park were ping pong tables and a putting green, equally available for public use.  A child’s section was spongy for soft landings while an enclosed dog park allowed canines many opportunities for sniffing.

The good news is that the Chihuly Exhibit has been extended into December and the Klyde Warren Park is a permanent addition to downtown Dallas.  It’s odd to go to the Metroplex for green experiences but these two locations are worth the drive.  Add the Katy Trail, a rails to trails project near downtown, and you’ve found our favorite places.

Monday, November 5, 2012

Tyler Roses - How the Industry Has Changed

Where have all the Tyler Roses gone?  Twice a year they were sold on every other street corner.  A vendor could sweep through the 60 plus rose growers of Smith County, purchase several dozen long stem flowers, and market them wherever cars were stopped.  Those days of $4/dozen are past but the question is why.  What happened?  A visit to the Tyler Rose Garden held answers from the experts.

Mark Chamblee, of Chamblee Nursery, first gave a very short history of the rose which originated in China (repeat bloomers) and Europe (single bloom).  Since there were no native roses in America, the queen of flowers arrived on merchant ships and with immigrants.   But roses today are a product of man-made evolution through cross hybridization begun in Germany in 1887.  While poets celebrate a rose’s sweet fragrance,  growers have other goals. They are more interested in the flower bush that can be dropped into a prepared landscape and survive disease, cold, and drought, be self cleaning and have abundant flowers. Aroma is an afterthought. Universities such as Texas A&M have jumped into the research, helping the quest for the hardiest rose.

Tyler became famous for its farm grown roses in the 1930's. Winters were mild enough and the soil had a perfect 6.5 acidity in its sandy loam.  Forty years ago, one-half of the roses in the United States were grown here.  A freeze in the early 1980s killed the entire crop - seedlings, one year olds, and the mature two year old plants.  At a time of 18% interest rates, few farmers even tried to come back.  Today, only three field growers remain.  But Tyler’s processing plants still package and ship more than half of the rose bushes in the U.S. even though  most are grown in California and Arizona.

In order to showcase the rose industry, The Tyler Rose Festival began in 1933.  It is held in October  when roses are in their second full bloom of the year.  The best place to witness this is the Tyler Municipal Rose Garden where 35,000 bushes   demand attention for its 500 varieties, some recent creations and other heritage roses grown before the era of cross fertilization almost 150 years ago.   Names reflect past stars - an apricot blended flower named after Marilyn Monroe, lush red roses for Ingrid Bergman, and shades of pink for an unidentified Sexy Rexy.  I simply don’t have the vocabulary to describe the nuances of the colors.  As we slowly meandered through the gardens, our middle aged volunteer guide was also short in her descriptions with comments like “Aren’t these sweet” and “Isn’t this a pretty color” and “These look like carnations”.  She didn’t need to say much - the colors spoke for themselves.
Heritage Rose
At another lecture Craig Leiland, director of the Rose Garden, gave lots of good advice on how to grow and tend roses.  Plant in the fall but prune at Valentine’s Day.  Prepared soil is essential with generous mulch required.  Fertilize after first bloom.   The dreaded “black spot” can be due to poor air circulation.  Many at the lectures had very specific questions - How do I direct a climbing rose?  Why do our Don Juans only bloom on top?  I cut my roses back too far.  What do I do? Craig patiently answered them all.

Crane lowering Pagoda for Queen's tea

The Rose Festival, with its crowning of the queen and her court,  is probably more famous than the gardens.  At the Rose Museum, we could view the costumes of past royalty.  Mr. Winn Morton of Lancaster, Texas has designed all those worn since 1982.  With sequins and fur, a dress can weigh 50 pounds and the Queen’s train as much as 100 pounds.  This year’s theme was Indochine and we watched cranes lower red pagodas into the Rose Garden where the Queen’s tea would be hosted.  Most of the duchesses come from old Tyler families but area girls also participate.   Many famous people such as Ronald Reagan have participated but sadly,  roses are no longer used to decorate the parade floats.

Since our yard is shaded and all roses require 6 to 8 hours of sun, our rose growing days lie in the future.  Maybe, by then, Japan will have developed the long elusive blue rose and growing them will be fool proof.  That is certainly the industry goal.

 Tyler Municipal Rose Garden

Tyler Rose Festival

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